Vocabulary Set – 55

1. Incarcerate – to lock a person up as a consequence for his or her actions

Synonyms: confine, detain, imprison, book, constrain, hold, immure, impound

Antonyms: free, release

Usage: The police are going to incarcerate the teen who keeps committing acts of violence.


2. Impiety – lack of respect for God

Synonyms: blasphemy, godlessness, heresy, irreverence, profanity

Antonyms: piety, faith

Usage: With an air of impiety, the woman scoffed at the religious texts which she considered fiction.


3. Hearken – to listen

Synonyms: apprehend, attend, auscultate, catch, descry, devour, eavesdrop

Antonyms: disregard, ignore, abstain

Usage: Confident and proud, the young man refused to hearken his parents’ advice.


4. Lugubrious – looking or sounding sad and gloomy

Synonyms: mournful, sorrowful, gloomy, pensive

Antonyms: cheerful, joyful

Usage: In his first novel, the mysterious postman is the perfect example of a lugubrious character.


5. Nescience – unawareness or ignorance

Synonyms: bewilderment, blindness, callowness, crudeness, denseness

Antonyms: familiarity, cognition, awareness

Usage: Peter’s nescience of current events causes him to speak unwisely about trending topics.


6. Peculate – embezzle or steal (money, especially public funds).

Synonyms: defalcate, pilfer, defraud

Antonyms: give

Usage: As a trustworthy accountant, Jim would never peculate money from the financial accounts he monitors.


7. Suffrage – the right to participate in making a decision

Synonyms: assent, attestation, consensus, franchise, petition, testimony

Antonyms: tyranny, abstain, negation

Usage: If the people in the small country had suffrage, they would remove the evil leader from power.


8. Staid – respectable

Synonyms: sedate,  quiet, serious, serious-minded, steady, conventional

Antonyms: frivolous, daring, informal

Usage: staid old people


9. Concoct – create or devise

Synonyms: fabricate, invent, contrive, manufacture, trump up; devise

Antonyms: demolish, disorganize

Usage: Using only his cellphone, the talented filmmaker was able to concoct a wonderful film that won several awards.


10. Usurious – relating to or characterized by usury; extortionate.

Synonyms: acquisitive, avaricious, covetous, desirous, niggardly, penurious

Antonyms: generous, unselfish

Usage: The acts were directed to restrain the lending of money at usurious rates.

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