Reading Comprehension Set 138

Directions (Q. 1 – 10): Read the passage given below and answer the questions. A few words have been italicised to help you locate them easily.
The medical profession labours under greater stress than any other mainly because it deals everyday in matters of life and death. It is equally true, however, that no other professional uses with so much immunity the conditions of his professional life–which he has accepted by choice–as an excuse for rudeness, less than professional behaviour, and if he is very successful, as a useful barrier between himself and his anxious patient.
The patient is often put on the defensive and made to feel that his questions are keeping the doctor away from more deserving patients. One pays an arm and a leg today for hospitalisation and nursing care and in most cases, gets very little in return except a string of investigative reports and often a delayed patient-discharge summary that is incomplete and inadequate for future reference. And, when one goes back with a problem one is blamed for not furnishing up to date information which the hospital did not provide in the first place.

Today when the debate is on about legal protection for the medical professional and also about bringing him under the purview of the Consumer Protection Act, it would be wise to think also of the patient’s rights. Unless the patient or his family knows enough about medicine, illness, side-effects, diagnostic methods, their need and efficacy, there is a fair chance of dire consequences. And yet when the patient or his family members have genuine fears or doubts, the medical man sometimes does not attempt to hide his impatience.

The patient has the right to be informed about the diagnosis, treatment and chances of cure of his illness. When this is medically unsuitable for the patient to know, some other family member should be so informed. Before the treatment begins, the patient/suitable family member should be informed of all possible medical risks that he may be running. Each patient has the right, if he is capable, at the time of clear judgment, to decide whether he wishes to accept the suggested treatment. If he declines to do so he must be informed of the consequences. The patient has the right to seek a second or a third opinion or to shift to another hospital without being made to feal an ungrateful worm or a hypochondriac. He also has the right to be informed in enough detail and without delay about post-hostpitalisation care at home.
Q1. The author accuses the doctor of
1) laxity in his operation.
2) enjoyment at the cost of the patients.
3) being rude and uncommunicative to the patients.
4) choosing a wrong profession
5) None of these
Q2. The genuine questions of the patients are treated as
1) a Herculean task.
2) a mere waste of time.
3) inadequate and incomplete.
4) a means of furnishing up-to-date information.
5) None of these
Q3. The patient has the right to be informed about
1) the ethics of medical profession
2) the time of his death.
3) the legal consequences the doctor may face in case of casualty.
4) the risks he may incur in treatment.
5) All of the above
Q4. If the patient wants to consult another doctor, he should be
1) considered guilty and irresponsible.
2) freely allowed to do so.
3) threatened with dire consequences.
4) kicked out of the doctor’s chamber.
5) None of these
Q5. One should think of the rights of
1) the doctor.
2) the patient.
3) the nurse.
4) 2 and 3
5) 1 and 2
Directions (Q. 6-10): Choose the word nearest in meaning (Q. 6-8) and opposite in meaning (Q. 5-10) to the given words as used in the passage.
Q6. profession
1) declaration
2) occupation
3) confession
4) patient
5) mystery
Q7. furnishing
1) providing
2) decorating
3) substantiating
4) telling
5) narrating
Q8. declines
1) slopes downward
2) considers
3) agrees
4) refuses
5) inclines
Q9. immunity
1) impunity
2) tenability
3) culpability
4) disgrace
5) vengeance
Q10. defensive
1) admonishing
2) protective
3) fugitive
4) subversive
5) offensive

Answer & Explanation

1. 3
The doctor uses the conditions of his professional life “as an excuse for rudeness.” The author feels that “the patient has the right to be informed” but the doctor does not fare well on this count.
2. 2
The patient is made to feel “that his questions are keeping the doctor away from deserving patients.”
3. 4
Read the third sentence of the last para.
4. 2
Read the second sentence from the bottom.
5. 5
The passage has been written from a patient-centic point of view.
6. 2
7. 1
8. 4
9. 3
10. 5

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