Directions: Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/ phrases are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
We today revel in the idea that we are living in a world of science and science can work wonders for us. It is evident that science has revolutionised modern life. What our forefathers, half a century ago, could not even dream of, we have that on our beck and call. Electricity is a wonder and what it is doing would have appeared to be a fairy tale for our forefathers. A button is pressed, the room gets flooded with light; the fan moves, the A.C. Cools or warms the room, water is boiled or cooled even is frozen, eatables can be preserved for days. Human suffering has greatly been alleviated. Science has investigated into disease and found startling cures for them. Artificial limbs can be fitted into the disabled bodies, even kidneys, and hearts are being performed.
Machinery has eliminated human labour and made life more mechanical and less arduous. Means of communication- The fax, The E-mail, The mobile smart phones are really wonderful means given to us by science. The atomic energy it put to use for peaceful purpose can work wonders. We have begun to feel that life wirthout the modern scientific gadgets is impossible.
True, that all this has happened and we fell beholden to science and the scientists. But there is the other side of the picture too. Man has become a slave to the machines. Human labour has been minimised but that has led to a more luxurious living and lens of physical activity. Mankind has begun suffering from such elements which our hard-working fore-fathers never knew of, More and more use of machines has led to large scale unemployment. We are unnecessarily using chemicals for agriculture. The pesticides and germicides used in saving the crops are sending out such alarming signals as demolishing and dismantling the ozone layer which was protecting the earth from the evil effects of the Sun rays. The worlds is getting exposed to the situations of great alarms and dangers. GMOs are good for some crops and not so for others. Wild varieties can not be allowed to go extinct. The atomic energy is being used for destructive purposes and the nuclear explosions are causing radiations which are fatal for mankind. Can we ever forget what happened to Nagasaki and Hiroshima in Japan during the World War II ? Do we want to live under such further threats of large-scale devastation and destruction?
Therefore, what is necessary is that we may use science as our slave-take the utmost advantage from it but should not permit it to become our master. We have to keep the ‘genie’ under our control, use it for the good of mankind; cure disease with its helps explore treasures of this earth through it; communicate with one-another at the quickest pace but keep its dangerous uses under check.
Let science remain our ‘slave’ and not allow it to become our master. Let science like alladin’s ‘genie’ remain in Alladin’s controlling power not to overpower and be a menace to mankind……..
Q1. Which of the following is nearest to the central idea of the given passage?
1) Science is a boon but can be a bane.
2) Science is a bane but can be a boon.
3) Science is a great tool but should be handled cautiously.
4) Science’s ultimately going to enslave us.
5) Science cannot be trusted and thus should not be.
Q2. According to the passage, what our forefathers could not dream of, half century ago?
5) None of these
Q3. According to the passage why wild varieties can not be allowed to go extinct?
1) GMOs are good for same crops.
2) GMOs are bad for same crops.
3) World is getting exposed to the situation of great alarms.
4) Atomic energy is being used for destructive purposes.
5) Radiations are fatal for mankind.
Q4. According to the passage, which of the following is an unwanted side effect of man becoming slave to the machinery?
1) Human labour has been minimised.
2) More luxurious living.
3) less physical activity
4) suffering from new ailments
5) large scale unemployment.
Q5. Which of the following has been referred as ‘genie’ in the passage?
5) World war II
Direction: Choose the word/group of words which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word/ group of words printed in bold as used in the passage-
1) Frozen foods
2) Junk Food
3) Packaged Food
4) Food items
5) Healthy Food
Direction: Choose the word/group of words which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word/group of words printed in bold as used in the passage-