Direction: Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
The beauty pageants have not only created waves in the Fashion and Beauty industry in the country but also made a global impact through its globally popular beauty. Major international contests for women include the yearly Miss World competition; Miss Universe, Miss International and Miss Earth (founded with environmental awareness as its concern). These are considered the “Big Four” pageants, the four largest and most famous international beauty contests. Contestants after auditions from the different regions were trained in the areas of diction, fitness, grooming, etiquette, ramp walk, and make up, styling, photo shoots and international mannerism by eminent experts from all over the world who groom them to achieve perfection. When beauty pageants began, they were viewed as “trivial events whose interpretation required no scholarly effort”. Miss America, the first pageant of its kind, has made an effort to ensure that it does not appear as a “stereotypical” pageant.
The beauty contest brought images of beauty with them which were very different from what we had, and therefore we internationalized our images of beauty, and today we see that reflected in the way that young women look. Beauty is often discursively constructed as dangerous in India, because the beautiful female body is necessarily always an object of display. Women feel extremely free to comment on the appearance of other women in their presence, noting changes in weight, appearance, or even overall beauty. Even today some people in India see pageants as just beauty contests while some see these as an opportunity for women to make an impact on society. An important aspect that Indian women just cannot choose to ignore today is the overwhelming number of beauties our country is throwing up at international pageants. Aishwarya Rai, Sushmita Sen, Diana Hayden, Lara Dutta, Priyanka Chopra, Diya Mirza: they’re world players on an international stage. But critics of beauty pageants in India would criticize them as “Western.” After an entire lifetime spent in a place discursively constructed as “the West,” I have a difficult time remembering if I have ever actually seen a beauty pageant there. True, they have originated in the West. However, today in the West they do not carry the kind of status and clout they have come to acquire in South Asia. Indeed, the concept of objectively judging beauty is as widespread in South Asia as it is not in the West. I contend that there are some cultural systems that lend themselves particularly well to the commoditisation and packaging of female beauty. Although beauty pageants are a profoundly capitalist phenomenon in the sense that they, at a very basic level, use women’s bodies in order to market products, there are also cultural performances in which ideas about femininity and beauty are reinforced.
Q1. Which is not a parameter to judge the Beauty at Major international beauty contest ?
1) International mannerism
3) Manner of speaking
5) Both 3 and 4
Q2. What was the origin of Beauty Pageant ?
2) South Asia
3) Western countries
4) Southern countries
5) Can’t say
Q3. What is meant by Capitalist Phenomenon ?
1) Industrialist event
2) International event
3) National level contest
4) Royal contest
5) None of these
Q4. Which of the following facts is/are true as per the passage ?
1) Beauty is nonnegotiable, something that is a fact that needs no further explanation.
2) Percent of beauty pageant girls who have suffered from depression is 6%.
3) Ideas about femininity and beauty are reinforced.
4) A woman represents very little and stands for a lot.
5) None of these
Q5. The content of the passage mainly emphasizes on –
1) Glamorous image of women.
2) The beauty obsession.
3) Fashionable event.
4) American image of beauty.
5) Indian beauty.
Direction (Q. 16 -18) : Choose the word which is most SIMILAR in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
Direction: Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.