Directions (Q. 1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
Children find themselves amidst a complex society that is undergoing breathtaking changes. Concepts, relationships, lifestyles are metamorphosed to accommodate the new jet-setting age. Food is no exception. Healthy nutritious foods have been replaced by the new Junk Food. The term junk food itself defines to the foods that do no good to your body and they are completely unimportant to the body. Junk foods have no or very less nutritional value and irrespective of the way they are marketed, they are not healthy to consume.
Most of them are high in saturated fats and sugar components and also excess of salts and lack any fiber. The only reason of their gaining popularity and increased trend of consumption is that they are ready to eat or easy to cook foods. Also the ease of manufacturing and consumption makes the junk food market spread its influence so rapidly. People, of all age groups are moving towards junk food as it is hassle free and often ready to grab and eat. For children who have less vision of the heart disease, cancer, high blood pressure or diabetes that might befall them decades later, the tentacles of a junk food environment are virtually inescapable. Studies reveal that as early as the age of 30, arteries could beginning clogging and lay the groundwork for future heart attacks. What children eat from puberty affects their risks of prostate and breast cancer. Osteoporosis and hypertension are other diseases that appear to have their earliest roots in childhood when lifelong eating habits are being formed. Children are especially vulnerable. Poor diets can slow growth, decay new teeth, promote obesity and sow the seeds of infirmity and debilitating disease that ultimately lead to incurable disease and death or worse make life insufferable.
Most of the times these junk foods contain colours that are laced with colours, those are often inedible, carcinogenic and harmful to the body. These foods and their colours can affect digestive systems, the effects of it emerging after many years. Studies have found that food colouring can cause hyperactivity and lapses of concentration in children. Children suffering from Learning Disabilities are often advised against eating food with artificial colouring. Chocolates, colas, flavoured drinks and snack tit bits are full of artificial colouring. Not surprisingly, junk food not only has physiological repercussions, but also psychological ones – far reaching ones that affect the child’s intellect and personalities. Coping intelligently with their dietary needs increases their self-esteem, and encourages further discovery.
School days are full of educational challenges that require long attention spans and stamina. Poor nutritional habits can undermine these pre-requisites of learning, as well as sap the strength that children need for making friends, interacting with family, participating in sports and games or simply feeling good about them selves. Junk foods are often eaten in instead of regular food, an essential Indian diet that consists of wholesome chapatis and vegetables or snacks like upmas and idlis. Not surprisingly eating junk food leads to a sense of starvation both physically and mentally, as the feeling of satiation and contentment that comes after a wholesome meal is absent. There is simply no substitute for the feeling that descends, when you wake up and find that you are ready to take on the world and this primarily stems from good health. There is no better time than now to build a supportive environment for nurturing our children and endowing them with a legacy of good health. All the points discussed about junk food above lead us to conclude that junk food does all harm to your health without providing any health benefits. In order to enjoy good health and a happy life, it is important to cut down on junk foods. Nutrition experts have researched the bad affects of junk food and come to the conclusion that junk food manufacturing companies are fooling the people by showing deceptive ads that market show junk food as healthy. We must substitute junk food with healthier food like fruits and vegetables.
Q1. Why the writer has recommended to avoid fast food ?
1) It contains high fat and low nutritional value.
2) Fast food isn’t just hurting your ability to fit into skinny jeans, it’s actually killing the environment.
3) Junk food plays a major role in the obesity and also in other diseases.
4) Children who eat a lot of junk foods may develop nutritional deficiencies.
5) All of the above.
Q2. Which of the following is not true about junk food ?
1) The term junk food itself defines to the foods that do not good to your body.
2) Junk food may be the reason behind your fatigue.
3) Junk food may lead to depression only in children.
4) It increases the risk of heart disease.
5) None of these
Q3. The content of the passage mainly emphasizes –
1) Nutrients and ingredients of food.
2) Healthy Nutrition for children.
3) Junk food and its ill effects.
4) Junk food and its advantages.
5) Food and its calories.
Q4. Why junk food are so popular among us ?
1) It doesn’t need much time to cook.
2) It’s cheap and tasty.
3) Junk food is easily available.
4) It’s convenient.
5) All of the above
Q5. Which of the following will be the most appropriate definition of “Fast food” ?
1) Food that is typically high in fats and salt and low in nutritional value.
2) Food from a fast food restaurant.
3) As hamburgers, pizza or fried chicken.
4) Food that tastes good but high in nutritional value.
5) None of these
Direction (Q. 6 -8) : Choose the word which is most SIMILAR in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
Direction (Q. 9 -10) : Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.