Directions (Q.1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them.
When Prime Minister Narendra Modi took charge on May 26, 2014, the world looked at him with high expectations. This was because not only did his party — the Bharatiya Janata party (BJP) — manage to emerge as a single majority party with 282 seats to form the coalition government, but India was also indire need of a strong leader who could steer the country towards the path of growth and bring in renewed hope and optimism to a crumbling economy. With NDA coming to power, it seemed in 30 years India had finally voted for a strong and effective government. During his campaign; Modi had strongly voiced his opinion about the lackluster performance of the previous United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government. His manifesto had laid stress on bringing down inflation, renewing the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and retrieving black money from abroad, among other initiatives.
As the government completes 100 days, one thing that emerges is that Modi walked the talk when he spoke about minimum government and maximising governance. His ministry has a clear, flat structure – he is the head and his ministers — mostly below 75 years — directly under him, where he keeps a strict eye on them. He has made it clear that his government wants to do away with the Planning Commission and replace it with a think tank. As soon as he assumed power, he made efforts to bring in efficiency – government officials now reach office on time and are putting in at least 12 hours; any purchase above one lakh is sent to the Prime Minister Office (PMO) for approval; cars and foreign travels have been restricted and allowed only when required. Modi has become synonymous with the BJP-led government and time and again proved that he means business, along with speaking inspiring words that he has apenchant for. The ministries under Modi have been trying to keep pace with his dynamism. The Human Resources Development Ministry headed by Smriti Irani has notable achievements – like her initiative towards establishing the National Academy Depository for maintaining academic degrees and certificates in e-format, thus reducing paper work and saving considerable time. The ministry also plans to make about 20 classrooms in 21,000 colleges Wi-Fi enabled. The oil and gas ministry has also done its bit in terms of regulating the prices and major price hikes have been averted to a certain extent. Also, there are attempts being made to reduce the price gap between petrol and diesel. Hundred days may be too soon to judge the performance of a government because the benefits of some of the steps undertaken may only be realized in the long run. During these days, the government has been busy picking up tasks from the manifesto and ticking them. However, all their actions are not without criticism.
Q1. Which of the following is possibly the most appropriate title for the passage ?
1) 100 days of Modi government.
2) Present government of India.
3) Government Schemes in India.
4) The cult of the great leader.
5) Modi’s government is accountable.
Q2. What does the author mean by ‘minimum government and maximising governance’ as given in the passage ?
1) India is all set to feature a greatly dispersed council of ministers.
2) It will have a pan–Indian character.
3) To make a dent in formation of ministries.
4) Eventually aiming at smart governance where the top layers of government will be downsized and there would be expansion at the grass root level.
5) None of these
Q3. What were the promises that the BJP made in their public declaration before election as per the passage ?
1) Clean up the Ganga.
2) Committed to the abrogation of Article 370 on Kashmir.
3) Reviving economic growth.
4) Checking corruption.
5) Only 1, 2 and 4
Q4. What does the phrase ‘keeps a strict eye on’ mean as used in the passage ?
1) Give personal attention to someone or something.
2) Wanting something more.
3) Keep finger crossed.
4) To retain in one’s possession.
5) None of these
Q5. Which of the following is true as per the passage ?
1) During his entire election campaign Modi had promised better days.
2) Modi’s ascendancy was a monumental shift in Indian politics as Prime Minister of India as the head of BJP which enjoyed majority in Lok Sabha.
3) Modi has announced several steps to make India’s villages self sufficiently and clean.
4) All of the above
5) None of these
Directions (6-8) : Choose the word which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
Directions (9–10) : Choose the word which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage-