**Directions (1-5): A soft-drink company prepares drinks of three different flavours – X, Y and Z. The production of the three flavours over a period of six years has been expressed in the bar-graph provided below. Study the graph and answer the questions based on it.**

**Production of three different flavours of soft-drinks X, Y, Z by a**

**Company over the year (in lakh bottles)**

**Q1. For which of the following years the percentage of rise/fall in production from the previous year is the maximum for the flavor Y?**

(a) 1996

(b) 1997

(c) 1998

(d) 1999

(e) 2000

**Q2. For which flavor was the average annual production maximum in the given period?**

(a) X only

(b) Y only

(c) Z only

(d) X and Y

(e) X and Z

**Q3. The total production of flavor Z in 1997 and 1998 is what percentage of the total production of flavor X in 1995 and 1996?**

(a) 96.67%

(b) 102.25%

(c) 115.57%

(d) 120%

(e) 133.33%

**Q4. What is the difference between the average production of flavor X in 1995, 1996 and 1997 and the average production of flavor Y in 1998, 1999 and 2000?**

(a) 50,000 bottles

(b) 80,000 bottles

(c) 2,40,000 bottles

(d) 3,30,000 bottles

(e) 5,00,000 bottles

**Q5. What was the approximate decline in the production of flavor Z in 2000 as compared to the production in 1998?**

(a) 50%

(b) 42%

(c) 33%

(d) 25%

(e) 22.5%

Answer & Explanation

S1. Ans.(b)

Sol. The percentage rise/fall in production from the previous year for flavor Y during various years are:

S2. Ans.(b)

Sol. Average annual productions over the given period for various flavours are:

For flavour X = [1/6×(50+40+55+45+60+50)] lakh bottles = 50 lakh bottles.

For flavour Y = [1/6×(55+60+50+55+50+55)] lakh bottles

= 54.17 lakh bottles.

For flavour Z = [1/6×(45+50+60+60+45+40)] lakh bottles = 50 lakh bottles.

∴ Maximum average production is for flavor Y.

3.e

4.e

5.c