**Directions (1-5): Study the following graph carefully and then answer the questions based on it. The percentage of five different types of cars produced by a company during two years is given below.**

**Total Production of Cars in 1996 was 450000**

**Total Production of Cars in 1997 was 520000**

**Q1. What was the difference in the production of C type cars between 1996 and 1997?**

(a) 5000

(b) 7500

(c) 10000

(d) 2500

(e) None of these

**Q2. If 85% of E type cars produced during 1996 and 1997 are being sold by the company, then how many E type cars are left unsold by the company?**

(a) 142800

(b) 21825

(c) 29100

(d) 25200

(e) None of these

**Q3. If the number of A type cars manufactured in 1997 was the same as that of 1996, what would have been its approximate percentage share in the total production of 1997?**

(a) 11

(b) 13

(c) 15

(d) 9

(e) None of these

**Q4. In the case of which of the following types of cars was the percentage increase from 1996 to 1997 the maximum?**

(a) A

(b) E

(c) D

(d) B

(e) C

**Q5. If the percentage production of B type cars in 1997 was the same as that of 1996, what would have been the number of cars produced in 1997?**

(a) 112500

(b) 120000

(c) 130000

(d) Data inadequate

(e) None of these

Answer & Explanation

**S1. Ans.(a)**

**Sol. Production of C type cars in 1996**

**= (70 – 40)% of 450000**

**= 30% of 450000 = 135000**

**Production of C type cars in 1997**

**= (65 – 40)% of 520000**

**= 25% of 520000 = 130000**

**∴ Required difference = 5000.**

**S2. Ans.(e)**

**Sol. Production of E type cars in 1996**

**= (100 – 80)% of 450000**

**= 20% of 450000 = 90000**

**And in 1997 = 10% of 520000 = 52000**

**∴ Total production = 90000 + 52000 = 142000.**

**∴ Required number of cars = 15% of 142000 = 21300**

**S3. Ans.(b)**

**Sol. Production of A type cars in 1997 = production of A type cars is 1996 (given)**

**= (100 – 85)% of 450000 = 67500**

**∴ Required percentage = 67500/520000× 100 ≈ 13.**

**S4. Ans.(c)**

**Sol. Clearly, by visual inspection D is the desired option.**

**S5. Ans.(c)**

**Sol. Percentage production of B type cars in 1997 = that in 1996 (given)**

**= (40 – 15) 25% of 520000 = 130000.**