Vocabulary Set – 59

1. Straddle – to be on both sides of something; to sit or stand with one leg on each side

Synonyms: bestride, mount, span, range, stride, ramble, sprawl

Antonyms: side, aspect, incline, brink

Usage: In order to climb the fence, she needed to carefully straddle the structure.

 

2. Peevish – Easily irritated, testy or annoyed

Synonyms: Cranky, fractious, grumpy, snappy, waspish

Antonyms: pleasant, agreeable, amiable, affable

Usage: The baby is peevish because his gums are hurting.

 

3. Archetype – A model on which all others in the same category are based

Synonyms: Epitome, prototype, standard, exemplar, paradigm, paragon

Antonyms: atypical, duplicate, reproduction

Usage: When vampire books became popular, many authors tried to imitate the archetype of the most successful novel.

 

4. Hermit – One who has withdrawn to a solitary life or religious seclusion

Synonyms: Ascetic, saint, austere, puritanical, abstinent

Usage: Living alone as a hermit allowed the man to focus on God.

 

5. Cajole – To persuade by buttering up or making promises

Synonyms: Flatter, tempt, beguile, sweet-talk, compliment

Antonyms: force, repel, accuse, belittle

Usage: The candidate managed to cajole many voters into choosing his name on the ballot.

 

6. Espionage – The act of spying (by the government or otherwise)

Synonyms: Intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, spying, tailing

Usage: Espionage is a secret way of finding out what your enemy doesn’t want you to know.

 

7. Magnanimous – Large-hearted or forgiving

Synonyms: Altruistic, generous, bounteous, philanthropic, liberal

Antonyms: narcissistic, greedy, niggardly, ignoble

Usage: Because she was kind and generous, the magnanimous queen was loved by all.

 

8. Diabolic – Having the qualities of the devil

Synonyms: Demonic, devilish, fiendish, infernal, satanic, evil

Antonyms: angelic, gentle

Usage: The evil mastermind created a diabolical plan to take over the world.

 

9. Trepidation – Tremulous fear or agitation

Synonyms: Alarm, apprehension, foreboding, consternation, discomposure

Antonyms: bravery, contentment, determination, calmness

Usage: Shaking with trepidation, the young man faced his fear of heights by skydiving.

 

10. Vivacious – Full of vigour and energy

Synonyms: Bubbly, chirpy, effervescent, energetic, animated

Antonyms: indolent, spiritless, lethargic

Usage: The young man drew attention as he entered the party due to his vivacious personality while he bounced around the room.

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